How to Add Swap Space on Ubuntu 22.04

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How to Add Swap Space on Ubuntu 22.04. Swap Space is a space in Linux is used when the amount of physical memory (RAM) is full. If the system needs more memory resources and the RAM is full, swap space let you store additional information.

Swap space can help machines with a small amount of RAM. In case you have a server with 1GB RAM, then your memory will get exhausted and you will get an error because your server cannot allocate sufficient memory.

In this guide you are going to learn how to add swap space and also remove the swap space that is created already.

Check Swap Space

First you need to check whether your server already has a swap space configured. More often virtual machines don’t have a swap space enabled by default. Check swap space with the following command.

sudo swapon --show

If you don’t get any output, then your server don’t have any swap space. It’s time to add swap memory.

01. Creating a Swap File

Now you can create a swap file to add 1 GB (1G) space. You can also increase the amount of space you need.

sudo fallocate -l 1G /swapfile

02. Set up Swap File Permissions

Now you have a swap file of correct size and can be enabled as swap space.

Proceed by setting up correct permissions.

sudo chmod 600 /swapfile

03. Set up a Swap Space

You can now mark the file as swap space with the mkswap command.

sudo mkswap /swapfile

You will receive the output similar to this.

Setting up swapspace version 1, size = 1024 MiB (1073737728 bytes)
no label, UUID=f59595fb-754b-47ae-af6b-8dd6e98654d8

04. Enable Swap Space

Enable the swap space and allow the system to utilise the space.

sudo swapon /swapfile

Verify that the swap is available by typing:

sudo swapon --show
/swapfile file 1024M 0B -2

You can check the output of the free utility again.

free -h
              total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
Mem:          0.9Gi       334Mi       466Mi       54Mi       0.5Gi       0.5Gi
Swap:          1.0G          0B        1.0G

05. Making the Swap File Permanent

Now swap space is only created for the current session. If you reboot the server the current changes will be gone. So you can make this setting permanent by adding the swap file to our /etc/fstab file.

Back up the /etc/fstab file in case anything goes wrong.

sudo cp /etc/fstab /etc/fstab.bak

Add the swap file information to the end of your /etc/fstab file with the following command.

echo '/swapfile none swap sw 0 0' | sudo tee -a /etc/fstab

06. Configure Swappiness Value

The swappiness parameter allow to configure how often your system swaps data out of RAM to the swap space.

This value will be between 0 to 100 in percentage. The values close to zero, the kernel will not swap data to the disk unless absolutely necessary. The higher the value that are closer to 100 will try to put more data into swap in an effort to keep more RAM space free.

So, telling the system not to rely on the swap much will generally make your system faster.

You can see the current swappiness value by typing:

cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness

Now set the value to 10 with the following command.

sudo sysctl vm.swappiness=10
vm.swappiness = 10

You can make this value permanent by adding the line to your /etc/sysctl.conf file.

sudo nano /etc/sysctl.conf

At the bottom, add the following line.


Hit Ctrl+X followed by Y and Enter to save and close the file.

Removing Swap Space

To remove a swap space you need to swapoff the space, remove the entry from the /etc/fstab file and finally delete the swap file.

sudo swapoff -v /swapfile

Edit the /etc/fstab file and remove the swap file entry /swapfile swap swap defaults 0 0

Finally, delete the swap file.

sudo rm /swapfile


Now you have learned how to create a swap file, activate, configure swap space and remove the swap space on your Ubuntu 22.04 server.

Thanks for your time. If you face any problem or any feedback, please leave a comment below.

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