How to Install Apache on Ubuntu 20.04 – Google Cloud. Apache is the most widely used HTTP web server which provides dynamic loading modules, easily integrating with other applications.
In this guide you are going to learn how to install Apache2 on Ubuntu 20.04 and configure Firewall.
This setup is tested on Google Cloud so you can try this setup on any cloud servers like AWS, Azure or any VPS or dedicated servers.
- Your Compute Engine Instance running.
- For setting up Compute Engine, see the Setting up Compute Engine Instance with Ubuntu 20.04.
Let’s start by updating the local package index with the following command.
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
Install Apache 2 package from the Ubuntu repository.
sudo apt install apache2
This will install
apache2 and all required dependencies.
Now you can set up Uncomplicated Firewall (UFW) with Apache to allow public access on default web ports for
sudo ufw app list
You will see all listed applications.
- Apache: This profile opens port
80(normal, unencrypted web traffic)
- Apache Full: This profile opens both port
80(normal, unencrypted web traffic) and port
443(TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)
- Apache Secure: This profile opens only port
443(TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)
- OpenSSH: This profile opens port
22for SSH access.
If you are not going to use SSL you need to enable only the Apache profile.
Now we will enable Apache Full.
sudo ufw allow 'Apache Full'
With this command you can view the status of UFW.
sudo ufw status
You will see the output as follows.
To Action From
-- ------ ----
Apache Full ALLOW Anywhere
OpenSSH ALLOW Anywhere
Apache Full (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6)
OpenSSH (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6)
Check Apache Installation
Once Apache is installed is is started automatically and already be up and running.
Every process in Apache is managed with the
service command. Check the status of Apache with the following command.
sudo systemctl status apache2
Output apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Tue 2020-04-28 09:19:39 UTC; 14s ago Docs: https://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/ Main PID: 2913 (apache2) Tasks: 55 (limit: 682) Memory: 5.5M CGroup: /system.slice/apache2.service ├─2913 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start ├─2915 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start └─2916 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
Now if you check the External IP address of your VM instance, you will see the default Apache welcome page.
Common Apache Commands
To start Apache web server.
sudo systemctl start apache2
To stop Apache webserver.
sudo systemctl stop apache2
To restart Apache web server.
sudo systemctl restart apache2
To reload Apache without dropping connections.
sudo systemctl reload apache2
To disable Apache.
sudo systemctl disable apache2
To enable Apache.
sudo systemctl enable apache2
Prepare yourself for a role working as an Information Technology Professional with Linux operating system
Now you have learned how to install Apache2 on Ubuntu 20.04.
Thanks for your time. If you face any problem or any feedback, please leave a comment below.