Compute Engine Google Cloud

How to Install cPanel v76 on Google Cloud

How to Install cPanel v76 on Google Cloud with CentOS 7 and set up Email and Security using Web Host Manager (WHM). This version simplifies the WHM setup in just two clicks compared to the installation of old cPanel version.

This guide will help you learn how to install cPanel v76 on Google Compute Engine VM Instance.

cPanel is a server management software for website owners which comes with a 15-day trial.

Click here to activate cPanel License

Steps to install cPanel and WHM

  1. Create the VM Instance
  2. Verify cPanel & WHM license history and validity
  3. Setup Cloud DNS
  4. Setup Firewall rules
  5. Install cPanel
  6. Set up Hostname on Google Cloud
  7. Agree to Terms and Conditions
  8. Setup Email in WHM
  9. Activate cPanel

Cpanel and WHM can also be installed on other cloud platforms. You can choose anyone from the below.

Here are some options.

PlatformMachine TypeCost (Monthly)
Digitalocean4GB RAM – 2vCPU$20
Google Cloud PlatformStandard 3.75 GB RAM$25
Amazon Web ServicesA1- Large 4 GB RAM$35

Check how to install cPanel on AWS.

Create the VM Instance

Go to Compute Engine >> VM Instances and click Create Instance

In Name provide a name for your Instance

In Region choose the region closest to your visitors

In Machine Type choose 3.75 GB memory 1vCPU

In Boot disk click Change and choose CentOS 7. In Size enter your required size, the minimum should be 40 GB and click Select

In Firewall check both Allow HTTP traffic and Allow HTTPS traffic

Click Create

It will take a while before the VM instance will be available for you

Verify cPanel & WHM license history and validity

Once your VM instance is created you will be provided with an external IP address which is used to license your cPanel. So you need to verify if the IP address has a valid 15-day trial license. So visit verify cPanel license and enter your external IP address and click Verify License. If the IP address does not have a valid license you can restart your VM instance. Then a new IP will be assigned. Then you can check again.

Reserve your IP address

If your IP address has a valid license you can proceed to reserve your IP address by going to VPC Networks >> External IP Addresses reserve your IP address to Static.

Setup Cloud DNS

Please follow this guide to setup Cloud DNS and point your domain to Google Cloud.

Once you have created DNS Zone, you need to create one additional A record for cpanel subdomain in your Cloud DNS.

Click Add record set

In Name enter cpanel

Select Resource Record Type to "A"

IPv4 Address with the IP address of your instance that you have reserved earlier.

Leave everything to default.

Click Create

Now your VM instance is configured and ready to setup Firewall rules for cPanel installation.

Setup Firewall rules

cPanel & WHM uses some ports to manage the server, so you need to create a firewall to provide access to these ports.

Go to VPC Network >> Firewall rules and click Create Firewall rules.

In Name enter cpanel

In Targets select All instances in the network

In Source filter select IP ranges

In Source IP ranges enter 0.0.0.0/0

In Protocols and ports check TCP and enter 2077, 2078, 2082, 2083, 2086, 2087, 2096, 3306, 53. Also check UDP and enter 53.

Click Create.

Install cPanel

Go to Compute Engine >> VM Instances and click the SSH button right next to your instance to open the terminal window in the browser.

Once the terminal is opened enter the following commands one by one.

sudo -s
yum update
yum install perl
yum install wget

Then set the hostname with your domain name. Replace yourdomainname.com with your domain name.

hostname cpanel.yourdomainname.com

Now stop firewall and disable Network manager.

systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl stop NetworkManager
systemctl disable NetworkManager

Download latest cPanel and install it by running the following command.

cd /home && curl -o latest -L https://securedownloads.cpanel.net/latest && sh latest

It will take around 30 – 40 min to complete the install. Don’t close the terminal until the setup is completed.

Once the setup is completed, you can set the root password by executing the following command.

passwd

Save your password safely, you will need that to login to your WHM.

Set up Hostname in Google Cloud

Google Compute Engine won’t preserve the hostname (cpanel.yourdomainname.com) you set and changes it to default hostname automatically, so this may result in a locked cPanel & WHM license. To preserve the hostname follow the below simple steps .

cd /etc/dhcp/dhclient-exit-hooks.d/
sudo nano set-hostname.sh

Paste the following contents and hit Ctrl+X followed by Y to save the file. Remember to replace yourdomainname.com with your domain name

#!/bin/sh
hostname cpanel.yourdomainname.com
/scripts/fixetchosts

Set correct permissions to the file you created

chmod 744 set-hostname.sh

That’s all now your cPanel is installed and ready to finish the WHM setup

Setup WHM

Open your browser and navigate to https://cpanel.yourdomainname.com:2087 . At this point, some browsers show a warning message about HTTPS and don’t allow you to visit the WHM page. In this case, you can use your IP Address instead of the domain name (https://IP_ADDRESS:2087). It will take some time for the SSL certificate to get issued by cPanel.

Enter username as root

Enter the password you created by running the command passwd

Now you will be logged into your WHM.

Click Agree to All.

Provide your email address.

Click Finish

Now you will be taken to the WHM home page.

Setup Email in WHM

In Google Cloud Platform port 25, which cPanel & WHM utilizes is not open. So you need to create an account with Mailgun or Sendgrid and integrate with WHM for emails.

Google provides additional documentation for sending email from Compute Engine Instances here.

Allow SMTP on Port 2525

Go to Service Configuration >> Service Manager

Tick both boxes next to Exim Mail Server (on another port)

Change Allow exim to listen on a port other than 25 to 2525

Click Save

Email Configuration

As the standard email port is blocked in Google Cloud, you need to configure a third party email service provider to send emails. Here we can use Mailgun to configure emails in cPanel.

Make sure you have these DNS records.

A record pointing to mail.domain.com

MX record with 0 priority pointing to mail.domain.com

Mailgun Configuration

Go to Service Configuration >> Exim Configuration Manager.

Click Advanced Editor tab.

In CONFIG section, under domainlist local_domains enter lsearch;/etc/localdomains : localhost : cpanel.yourdomainname.com : [GOOGLE INSTANCE NAME] : @

In daemon_smtp_ports enter 465 : 25 : 587 : 2525

In the Section: AUTH box enter.

mailgun_login:
driver = plaintext
public_name = LOGIN
hide client_send = : Default SMTP Login : Default Password

In the Section: PREROUTERS box enter.

mailgun:
driver = manualroute
domains = ! +local_domains
transport = mailgun_transport
route_list = * smtp.mailgun.org::2525 byname

In the Section: TRANSPORTSTART box enter.

mailgun_transport:
driver=smtp
hosts_try_auth = smtp.mailgun.org

Activate cPanel

cPanel is a subscription based software, you can activate your license.

Save the configurations, that’s everything about cPanel & WHM on Google Cloud.

Cloudbooklet builds a large collection of Linux based guides and tutorials on Cloud platforms like Google Cloud, AWS, Azure, DigitalOcean and more

1 Comment

  1. SHAIK VAHID Reply

    Awesome article. Very helpful information. Thanks very much cloud booklet.

    Working perfectly fine.

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