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How to Install Jenkins on Debian 10

How to Install Jenkins on Debian 10. Jenkins is a Java based software which is used to automated builds for tests, developments and production deployment from a version control repository like Github or Bitbucket, etc. It is mainly used as Continues Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI CD) software.

This guide provides all the steps needed to install Jenkins on a Debian 10 server.

This setup is tested on Google Cloud VM Instance with 3.75 GB RAM running Debian 10 Buster. So this installation will work on other cloud hostings, VPS or dedicated servers with Debain 10.

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Setup Firewall Rules

If you are making this setup on Google Cloud you need to open certain ports on which Jenkins listens to.

Jenkins uses a custom port 8080 to run, so you need to create a firewall to all access to this port.

Go to VPC Network >> Firewall rules and click Create Firewall rules.

In Name enter jenkins

In Targets select All instances in the network

In Source filter select IP ranges

In Source IP ranges enter 0.0.0.0/0

In Protocols and ports check TCP and enter 8080

Click Create.

Install Java on Debian 10

Start by updating the packages to its latest version and install Java JDK 11 from the Debian repositories using the following command.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Install Java.

sudo apt install default-jdk

Install Jenkins

To install latest version of Jenkins, add the repository key to the system and add the repository address to the sources list.

sudo wget -q -O - https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian/jenkins.io.key | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo deb http://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/ > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jenkins.list'

Now you can update and install Jenkins.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install jenkins

Starting Jenkins

Once the installation is complete you can start Jenkins using the following command.

sudo systemctl enable --now jenkins

You can also view the status of Jenkins using this command.

sudo systemctl status jenkins

If Jenkins is started successfully you will get a response similar to this.

Output
● jenkins.service - LSB: Start Jenkins at boot time
    Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/jenkins; generated)
    Active: active (exited) since Thu 2019-12-19 09:15:55 UTC; 19s ago
      Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
     Tasks: 0 (limit: 1997)
    CGroup: /system.slice/jenkins.service

Set Up Jenkins

Once everything is done you can open your browser and enter your IP address followed by the Jenkins port 8080

The format will be like this http://instance_external_ip:8080

You will see the Unlock screen where you need to type the password to unlock Jenkins.

Unlock Jenkins

Execute the following command to get the password.

sudo cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword

Copy the password and paste it in the Administrator password field to unlock and start the setup.

Customize Jenkins

Click Install suggested plugins option to start the installation immediately.

Jenkins getting started

Once the installation is complete you can create an admin user to login to the dashboard.

Create admin user

Finally you will see the Instance Configuration, you can use your domain name or IP address.

Click Save and Finish.

Once everything is complete click Start using Jenkins to visit the main Jenkins dashboard.

Welcome to Jenkins

Conclusion

In this tutorial, you have learned how to install Jenkins and configured Firewall on Debian 10.

If you have any questions, please leave a comment below.

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