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How to Install Jenkins on Ubuntu 18.04

How to Install Jenkins on Ubuntu 18.04. This tutorial focuses on installing Jenkins on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS with Java 8 on Google Compute Engine.

Jenkins is a Java based software which can be installed from the Ubuntu packages. Jenkins is mainly used for Continues Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI CD).

Prerequisites

Choose a VM Instance with atleast 1 GB RAM

PlatformRAMSSDCost
Alibaba Cloud512 MB20 GB$2.50/mo
Cloudways – Managed Cloud1 GB25 GB$10/mo
Kinsta – Google Cloud Managed WP1 Website10 GB$30/mo

Setup Firewall Rules

Jenkins uses a custom port 8080 to run, so you need to create a firewall to all access to this port.

Go to VPC Network >> Firewall rules and click Create Firewall rules.

In Name enter jenkins

In Targets select All instances in the network

In Source filter select IP ranges

In Source IP ranges enter 0.0.0.0/0

In Protocols and ports check TCP and enter 8080

Click Create.

Install Jenkins

To install latest version of Jenkins, add the repository key to the system and add the repository address to the sources list.

sudo wget -q -O - https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian/jenkins.io.key | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo deb http://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/ > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jenkins.list'

Now you can update and install Jenkins.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install jenkins

Starting Jenkins

Once the installation is complete you can start Jenkins using the following command.

sudo systemctl start jenkins

You can also view the status of Jenkins using this command.

sudo systemctl status jenkins

If Jenkins is started successfully you will get a response similar to this.

Output
● jenkins.service - LSB: Start Jenkins at boot time
    Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/jenkins; generated)
    Active: active (exited) since Thu 2019-06-06 09:15:55 UTC; 46s ago
      Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
     Tasks: 0 (limit: 1997)
    CGroup: /system.slice/jenkins.service

Set Up Jenkins

Once everything is done you can open your browser and enter your IP address followed by the Jenkins port 8080

The format will be like this http://instance_external_ip:8080

You will see the Unlock screen where you need to type the password to unlock Jenkins.

Unlock Jenkins

Execute the following command to get the password.

sudo cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword

Copy the password and paste it in the Administrator password field to unlock and start the setup.

Customize Jenkins

Click Install suggested plugins option to start the installation immediately.

Jenkins getting started

Once the installation is complete you can create an admin user to login to the dashboard.

Create admin user

Finally you will see the Instance Configuration, you can use your domain name or IP address.

Click Save and Finish.

Once everything is complete click Start using Jenkins to visit the main Jenkins dashboard.

Welcome to Jenkins

Conclusion

In this tutorial, you have learned how to install Jenkins and configured Firewall on Ubuntu 18.04 on Google Cloud.

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