How to Install VSFTP on Ubuntu 20.04

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Install VSFTP on Ubuntu 20.04. In this guide you are going to learn how to setup a FTP server and provide access to particular directory as chroot for a user.

This setup is tested on Google Compute Engine VM Instance running Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.

So this setup works fine for any virtual machine on AWS EC2 Instance or DigitalOcean or any other cloud hosting servers or VPS or Dedicated.

Prerequisites for Google Cloud

If you are using Google Cloud Platform to setup FTP you need the following steps to be done.

  1. A running Compute Engine, see the Setting up Compute Engine Instance with Ubuntu 20.04.
  2. Completed the initial Ubuntu server setup.

Steps to setup FTP

  1. Setup you Virtual Machine Instance
  2. Completing the initial server setup
  3. Configure Firewall rules
  4. Create a new user
  5. Install VSFTP FTP server
  6. Configure FTP
  7. Verify the setup

I assume you have your server setup and configured.

Setup Firewall rules

You can configire FTP on any port you wish, now you will configure it in the default port 21, so you need to create a firewall rule to provide access to these ports.

We also open ports 40000 – 50000 for passive mode connections.

Go to VPC Network >> Firewall rules and click Create Firewall rules.

In Name enter ftp

In Targets select All instances in the network

In Source filter select IP ranges

In Source IP ranges enter

In Protocols and ports check TCP and enter 20, 21, 990, 40000-50000.

Click Create.

Allow FTP ports in UFW

If you are using UFW in your server make sure to open the port to allow connections to your server otherwise you cannot connect.

sudo ufw allow 20/tcp
sudo ufw allow 21/tcp
sudo ufw allow 990/tcp
sudo ufw allow 40000:50000/tcp

Create a new user

Now you can create a new user using the following command to test the FTP.

sudo useradd -m -c "Name, Role" -s /bin/bash username

Setup a password for that user.

sudo passwd username

Install VSFTP server

VSFTP is a Very Secure File Transfer Protocol for Linux based systems. By default AWS or Google Cloud won’t allow password based authentication to the Virtual Machine instances.

With VSFTP you can run your own FTP server and create users and assign them to any directory and prevent access to other directories using chroot also.

Now you can install VSFTP using the following command.

sudo apt install vsftpd

Once the installation is completed you can configure VSFTP.

Configure VSFTP

Start by creating a backup of the original VSFTP configuration file.

sudo cp /etc/vsftpd.conf /etc/vsftpd.conf.orig

Edit the vsftpd.conf file and make the following changes.

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf

Modify the following directives.


Uncomment the following directives.


Add these configurations to the last.


Here you have configured a userlist_file which holds the list of FTP users and user_config_dir to hold the user specific configurations.

Add the user you have created before in the userlist file.

echo "username" | sudo tee -a /etc/vsftpd.userlist

This command will create a file with the name vsftpd.userlist and add the user to it and outputs the added user in the terminal.

Create a directory with the name user_config_dir to hold the user specific configurations.

sudo mkdir -p /etc/vsftpd/user_config_dir

Create a new file with the name same as the username inside this directory.

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd/user_config_dir/username

Add the following line to that file.


Save the file and exit the editor.

Finally restart VSFTP.

sudo systemctl restart vsftpd

Prevent SSH Access

Now you need to prevent SSH access to the newly created user by adding the DenyUsers directive in your sshd_config.

sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Add the following line to the bottom of the file.

DenyUsers username other-user

You can add multiple users separated by a space.

Restart SSH.

sudo systemctl restart ssh

Prepare yourself for a role working as an Information Technology Professional with Linux operating system

Verify the Setup

Now open your FTP client and enter your server external IP address as hostname, Port as 21, username with the username you created before and with the password.

Now you will be logged in to the server and you can only access the folder that is assigned to you.


Now you have learned how to setup FTP on your VM instance on Ubuntu 20.04.

Thanks for your time. If you face any problem or any feedback, please leave a comment below.

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