Install Apache on Debian 9 – Google Cloud. Apache is the most widely used HTTP web server which provides dynamic loading modules, easily integrating with other applications.
Not using Debian 9? Choose a different OS:
This guide helps you to install Apache on Debian 9 on Google Compute Engine.
- Your Compute Engine Instance running.
- For setting up Compute Engine, see the Setting up Compute Engine Instance with Debian 9.
- Debian 9 server setup on Google Cloud.
Let’s start by updating the local package index with the following command.
sudo apt update
Install Apache 2 package from the Ubuntu repository.
sudo apt install apache2
This will install
apache2 and all required dependencies.
If your server is protected by Firewall (UFW) with Apache to allow public access on default web ports for
sudo ufw app list
You will see all listed applications.
. . .
. . .
- WWW: This profile opens only port 80 (normal, unencrypted web traffic)
- WWW Cache: This profile opens only port 8080 (sometimes used for caching and web proxies)
- WWW Full: This profile opens both port 80 (normal, unencrypted web traffic) and port 443 (TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)
- WWW Secure: This profile opens only port 443 (TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)
You need to enable the most restrictive profile that will still allow the traffic you’ve configured. Now we will enable WWW Full.
sudo ufw allow 'WWW Full'
With this command you can view the status of UFW.
sudo ufw status
You will see the output as follows.
To Action From
-- ------ ----
WWW Full ALLOW Anywhere
OpenSSH ALLOW Anywhere
WWW Full (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6)
OpenSSH (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6)
Check Apache Installation
Once Apache is installed is is started automatically and already be up and running.
Every process in Apache is managed with the
systemctl command. Check the status of Apache with the following command.
sudo systemctl status apache2
● apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Thu 2019-02-14 05:17:04 UTC; 6min ago
Main PID: 2080 (apache2)
Tasks: 55 (limit: 4915)
├─2080 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
├─2082 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
└─2083 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
Feb 14 05:17:04 instance-1 systemd: Starting The Apache HTTP Server…
Feb 14 05:17:04 instance-1 systemd: Started The Apache HTTP Server.
Now visit the External IP address of your VM instance, you will see the default Apache welcome page.
To start Apache web server.
sudo systemctl start apache2
To stop Apache webserver.
sudo systemctl stop apache2
To restart Apache web server.
sudo systemctl restart apache2
To reload Apache without dropping connections.
sudo systemctl reload apache2
To disable Apache.
sudo systemctl disable apache2
To enable Apache.
sudo systemctl enable apache2
Now Apache is installed on Debian 9 – Google Cloud and configured with Firewall.