Google Cloud

Install Opencart on Google Cloud with Ubuntu 18.04, Nginx, PHP 7.3, Cloud SQL and Let’s Encrypt SSL

Install Opencart on Google Cloud with Ubuntu 18.04, Nginx, PHP 7.3, Cloud SQL and Let’s Encrypt SSL

Prerequisites

  1. Your Compute Engine Instance running and installed with Nginx and PHP.
  2. For setting up Compute Engine, see the Setting up Compute Engine Instance.
  3. For installing Nginx and PHP, see how to install LEMP in Compute Engine Instance.
  4. Domain name is pointed to your virtual machine.
  5. For setting up Cloud DNS, see the Setting up Google Cloud DNS for your domain.
  6. Google Cloud SQL Setup, see Setup Cloud SQL and connect with Compute Engine.

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Setup your website

Your website will be located in the home directory and have the following structure

Replace yourdomainname.com with your original domain name.

home
-- yourdomainname.com
---- logs
---- public

The public directory is your website’s root directory and logs directory for your error logs

Now we create these directories and set correct permissions

You need to SSH into your VM Instance and run these commands

mkdir -p yourdomainname.com/logs yourdomainname.com/public
sudo chmod -R 755 yourdomainname.com

Download Opencart

Download the latest stable version of Opencart and extract it inside your root directory

cd ~/yourdomainname.com/public
sudo curl -LO https://github.com/opencart/opencart/releases/download/3.0.2.0/3.0.2.0-OpenCart.zip
sudo unzip 3.0.2.0-OpenCart.zip
sudo cp -a ~/yourdomainname.com/public/upload/. ~/yourdomainname.com/public
sudo rm -rf 3.0.2.0-OpenCart.zip CHANGELOG.md CHANGELOG_AUTO.md README.md build.xml composer.json composer.lock install.txt license.txt tests upgrade.txt upload
sudo rm -r ~/yourdomainname.com/public/3.0.2.0-OpenCart.zip

Set correct permissions for Opencart files

sudo chmod -R 755 ~/yourdomainname.com
sudo chown -R username ~/yourdomainname.com

Configure Opencart

Run the below commands to copy the configuration files for frontend and admin

sudo cp ~/yourdomainname.com/public/config-dist.php ~/yourdomainname.com/public/config.php
sudo cp ~/yourdomainname.com/public/admin/config-dist.php ~/yourdomainname.com/public/admin/config.php

Setup Nginx for Opencart

Now create a new Nginx configuration for your website in the sites-available directory

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/yourdomainname.com

Copy and paste the following configuration, ensure that you change the server_name, error_log and root directives to match your domain name. Hit CTRL+X followed by Y to save the changes.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    server_name yourdomainname.com www.yourdomainname.com;

    error_log /home/username/yourdomainname.com/logs/error.log;

    root /home/username/yourdomainname.com/public/;
    index index.html index.php;

    location = /sitemap.xml {
        rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?route=feed/google_sitemap break;
    }

    location = /googlebase.xml {
        rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?route=feed/google_base break;
    }

    location ~ \.(ico|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|js|css)$ {
        try_files $uri =404;
    }

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ @opencart;
    }

    location @opencart {
        rewrite ^/(.+)$ /index.php?_route_=$1 last;
    }

    location ~ \.php$ {
        try_files $uri =404;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;
    }
}

To enable this newly created website configuration, symlink the file that you just created into the sites-enabled directory.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/yourdomainname.com /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/yourdomainname.com

Check your configuration and restart Nginx for the changes to take effect

sudo nginx -t
sudo service nginx restart

Create SSL certificate and enable HTTP/2

HTTPS
HTTPS is a protocol for secure communication between a server (instance) and a client (web browser). Due to the introduction of Let’s Encrypt, which provides free SSL certificates, HTTPS are adopted by everyone and also provides trust to your audiences.

HTTP/2
HTTP/2 is the latest version of the HTTP protocol and can provide a significant improvement to the load time of your sites. There really is no reason not to enable HTTP/2, the only requirement is that the site must use HTTPS.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python-certbot-nginx

Now we have installed Certbot by Let’s Encrypt for Ubuntu 18.04, run this command to receive your certificates.

sudo certbot --nginx certonly

Enter your email and agree to the terms and conditions, then you will receive the list of domains you need to generate SSL certificate.

To select all domains simply hit Enter

The Certbot client will automatically generate the new certificate for your domain. Now we need to update the Nginx config.

Redirect HTTP Traffic to HTTPS with www in Nginx

Open your site’s Nginx configuration file add replace everything with the following. Replacing the file path with the one you received when obtaining the SSL certificate. The ssl_certificate directive should point to your fullchain.pem file, and the ssl_certificate_key directive should point to your privkey.pem file.

server {
    listen [::]:80;
    listen 80;

    server_name yourdomainname.com www.yourdomainname.com;
    # redirect http to https www
    return 301 https://www.yourdomainname.com$request_uri;
}

server {
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
    listen 443 ssl http2;

    server_name yourdomainname.com;

    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomainname.com/fullchain.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomainname.com/privkey.pem;

    root /home/username/yourdomainname.com/public/;
    index index.html index.php;

    # redirect https non-www to https www
    return 301 https://www.yourdomainname.com$request_uri;
}

server {
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
    listen 443 ssl http2;

    server_name www.yourdomainname.com;

    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomainname.com/fullchain.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomainname.com/privkey.pem;

    error_log /home/username/yourdomainname.com/logs/error.log;

    root /home/username/yourdomainname.com/public/;
    index index.html index.php;

    location = /sitemap.xml {
        rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?route=feed/google_sitemap break;
    }

    location = /googlebase.xml {
        rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?route=feed/google_base break;
    }

    location ~ \.(ico|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|js|css)$ {
        try_files $uri =404;
    }

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ @opencart;
    }

    location @opencart {
        rewrite ^/(.+)$ /index.php?_route_=$1 last;
    }

    location ~ \.php$ {
        try_files $fastcgi_script_name /index.php$uri&$args;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;

        fastcgi_keep_conn on;
        fastcgi_read_timeout 30s;
        fastcgi_send_timeout 30s;

        add_header Content-Security-Policy "img-src * 'self' data: blob: https:; default-src 'self' https://*.googleapis.com https://*.googletagmanager.com https://*.google-analytics.com https://s.ytimg.com https://www.youtube.com https://www.yourdomainname.com https://*.googleapis.com https://*.gstatic.com https://*.gravatar.com https://*.w.org data: 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-eval';" always;
        add_header X-Xss-Protection "1; mode=block" always;
        add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN" always;
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff" always;
        add_header Access-Control-Allow-Origin "https://www.yourdomainname.com";
        add_header Referrer-Policy "origin-when-cross-origin" always;
        add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubdomains; preload";
    }
}

The http2 value is all that is needed to enable the HTTP/2 protocol.

Hit CTRL+X followed by Y to save the changes.

Check your configuration and restart Nginx for the changes to take effect.

sudo nginx -t
sudo service nginx restart

Renewing SSL Certificate

Certificates provided by Let’s Encrypt are valid for 90 days only, so you need to renew them often. Now you set up a cronjob to check for the certificate which is due to expire in next 30 days and renew it automatically.

sudo crontab -e

Add this line at the end of the file

0 0,12 * * * certbot renew >/dev/null 2>&1

Hit CTRL+X followed by Y to save the changes.

This cronjob will attempt to check for renewing the certificate twice daily.

Install Opencart

Setup Cloud SQL as mentioned in this guide and proceed to Install Opencart Setup Cloud SQL and connect with Compute Engine.

Visit your domain in the web browser and follow the installation steps to complete your installation

In the License Agreement click Continue

Opencart Installation

In the Pre-Installation check if all the requirements are matched

Click Continue

Opencart Pre-Installation Check

Enter the Cloud SQL database details. Enter the database name, database login, database password.

In the Database server address enter the IP address of your Cloud SQL Instance

Opencart Configuration

Click Continue

Wait for the Opencart installation progress to complete

Opencart Installation Completed

Delete the Install folder

sudo rm -r ~/yourdomainname.com/public/install

Now Opencart is installed on your domain name successfully

Enjoy your Opencart installation on Google Cloud with Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, Nginx, PHP 7.3, Let’s Encrypt SSL and Cloud SQL.

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2 Comments

  1. Hi!

    Thx alot for your articles and globally your website and your work.
    Simple and clear, it was easy for me to follow your instructions to set my opencart store online :).
    It took me 2 day (I’m a noob in linux base OS) but I did my best and finally my store is live.

    Keep the good work and thx again.

    • Cloudbooklet Reply

      You are welcome Nanoandro. Very happy to hear that this blog helps you. Thank you

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