This guide will help you learn how to install cPanel and WHM in Google Compute Engine VM Instance. This is the old set up of cPanel, you can view how to install and set up the latest cPanel v76 on Google Cloud.
cPanel is a server management software for website owners which comes with a 15-day trial.
Steps to install cPanel and WHM
- Create the VM Instance
- Verify cPanel & WHM license history and validity
- Setup Cloud DNS
- Setup Firewall rules
- Install cPanel
- Set up Hostname in Google Cloud
- Setup WHM
- Setup Email in WHM
- Activate cPanel License
Cpanel and WHM can also be installed on other cloud platforms. You can choose anyone from the below.
Here are some options.
Check how to install cPanel on AWS.
Create the VM Instance
Go to Compute Engine >> VM Instances and click Create Instance
In Name provide a
name for your Instance
In Region choose the region closest to your visitors
In Machine Type choose
3.75 GB memory 1vCPU
40 GB and click Select
In Firewall check both
Allow HTTP traffic and
Allow HTTPS traffic
It will take a while before the VM instance will be available for you
Verify cPanel & WHM license history and validity
Once your VM instance is created you will be provided with an external IP address which is used to license your cPanel. So you need to verify if the IP address has a valid 15-day trial license. So visit verify cPanel license and enter your external IP address and click Verify License. If the IP address does not have a valid license you can restart your VM instance. Then a new IP will be assigned. Then you can check again.
Reserve your IP address
If your IP address has a valid license you can proceed to reserve your IP address by going to VPC Networks >> External IP Addresses reserve your IP address to Static
Setup Cloud DNS
Please follow this guide to setup Cloud DNS and point your domain to Google Cloud
Once you have created DNS Zone, you need to create one additional A record for cpanel subdomain in your Cloud DNS
Click Add record set
In Name enter
Select Resource Record Type to
IPv4 Address with the
IP address of your instance that you have reserved earlier
Leave everything to default.
Now your VM instance is configured and ready to setup Firewall rules for cPanel installation.
Setup Firewall rules
cPanel & WHM uses some ports to manage the server, so you need to create a firewall to provide access to these ports.
Go to VPC Network >> Firewall rules and click Create Firewall rules
In Name enter
In Targets select
All instances in the network
In Source filter select
In Source IP ranges enter
In Protocols and ports check TCP and enter
2077, 2078, 2082, 2083, 2086, 2087, 2096, 3306, 53.
Also check UDP and enter
Go to Compute Engine >> VM Instances and click the SSH button right next to your instance to open the terminal window in the browser
Once the terminal is opened enter the following commands one by one
yum install perl
yum install wget
Then set the hostname with your domain name. Replace
yourdomainname.com with your domain name
Now stop firewall and disable Network manager
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl stop NetworkManager
systemctl disable NetworkManager
Download latest cPanel and install it by running the following command
cd /home && curl -o latest -L https://securedownloads.cpanel.net/latest && sh latest
It will take around 30 – 40 min to complete the install. Don’t close the terminal until the setup is completed.
Once the setup is completed, you can set the root password by executing the following command
Save your password safely, you will need that to login to your WHM
Set up Hostname in Google Cloud
Google Compute Engine won’t preserve the hostname (cpanel.yourdomainname.com) you set and changes it to default hostname, so this may result in a locked cPanel & WHM license. To preserve the hostname follow the below simple steps
sudo nano set-hostname.sh
Paste the following contents and hit
Ctrl+X followed by
Y to save the filter. Remember to replace
yourdomainname.com with your domain name
Set correct permissions to the file you created
chmod 744 set-hostname.sh
That’s all now your cPanel is installed and ready to finish the WHM setup
Open your browser and navigate to
Enter username as
Enter the password you created by running the command passwd
Now you will be logged into your WHM
Agree with Terms and Conditions and go to step 2
hostname which we set earlier
In Primary Resolver enter
In Secondary Resolver enter
Goto Step 3 and again Goto Step 4
Scroll down and Check Configure nameserver A records
Check Add hostname A records
Copy IP Address from Add hostname A records and paste in the above two
Goto step 5
Enable all notifications
Goto step 6
Setup Email in WHM
In Google Cloud Platform port 25, which cPanel & WHM utilizes for SMTP, is not open. So you need to create an account with Mailgun or Sendgrid and integrate with WHM for emails
Google provides additional documentation for sending email from Compute Engine Instances here
Allow SMTP on Port 2525
Go to Service Configuration >> Service Manager
Tick both boxes next to Exim Mail Server (on another port)
Change Allow exim to listen on a port other than 25 to
As the standard email port is blocked in Google Cloud, you need to configure a third party email service provider to send emails. Here we can use Mailgun to configure emails in cPanel.
Make sure you have these DNS records.
A record pointing to
MX record with 0 priority pointing to
Go to Service Configuration >> Exim Configuration Manager
Click Advanced Editor tab
In CONFIG section, under domainlist local_domains enter
lsearch;/etc/localdomains : localhost : cpanel.yourdomainname.com : [GOOGLE INSTANCE NAME] : @
In daemon_smtp_ports enter
465 : 25 : 587 : 2525
In the Section: AUTH box enter
driver = plaintext
public_name = LOGIN
hide client_send = : Default SMTP Login : Default Password
In the Section: PREROUTERS box enter
driver = manualroute
domains = ! +local_domains
transport = mailgun_transport
route_list = * smtp.mailgun.org::2525 byname
In the Section: TRANSPORTSTART box enter
hosts_try_auth = smtp.mailgun.org
cPanel is a subscription based software, you can activate your license within your 15 days trial period.
Save the configurations, that’s everything about cPanel & WHM on Google Cloud.